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Standards, Knowledge, Skills, and Understandings

Written by Sarah Alessio Shea
November 27, 2017

Content Standards
Next Generation Science Standards 
MS-ESS3 Earth and Human Activity
ESS3.A: Natural Resources
ESS3.C: Human Impacts on Earth Systems
MS-ESS2-4 Earth’s Systems

Standards for each lesson: 

  • Lesson one (Introduction):
    • 4.5.8.A Explain how Best Management Practices (BMP) can be used to mitigate environmental problems.
    • 4.5.8.C Describe how humans can reduce pollution.
  • Lesson two (Natural Resources):
    • 4.3.7.A Explain how products are derived from natural resources.
  • Lesson three (Landfills and Solid Waste)
    • 3.4.7.B2 Explain how decisions to develop and use technologies may be influenced by environmental and economic concerns.
  • Lesson Four/Five (Recycling & Composting)
    • 4.1.6.D Explain the costs and benefits of recycling in controlling resource use.
  • Lesson Six (Watersheds)
    • 4.2.6.C Identify natural and human-made factors that affect water quality.
    • 4.2.7.A Explain how water enters, moves through, and leaves a watershed.
    • 4.2.7.B Explain the primary functions of a wetland within a watershed.
  •  Lesson Seven (Environmental Health)
    • 4.3.7 A Identify environmental health issue
    • 10.1.6 C Analyze nutritional concepts that impact health.
    • 10.1.6 E Identify health problems that can occur throughout life and describe ways to prevent them.
    • 10.2.6 A Explain the relationship between personal health practices and individual well-being.
    • 10.2.6 B Explain the relationship between health-related information and consumer choices.
    • 10.2.6 D Describe and apply the steps of a decision-making process to health and safety issues.
    • 10.2.6 E   Analyze environmental factors that impact health

Understandings (what do you expect your students to understand? What misconceptions do you need to overcome?)

  • Overarching Understandings
    • Students can make an impact on local and regional environmental issues by starting in their schools and own communities.  
  • Related Misconceptions
    • Students may believe that one person cannot make a difference.  This curriculum’s goal is to show them that one person can make a lasting sustainable difference or change in their school or community through promoting positive environmental change

Topical Understandings      

  • Lesson one (Introduction): Students will be introduced to national environmental issue to engage them in how local people can make an impact on larger scale issues.
  • Lesson two (Natural Resources): Students will be able to identify the five basic categories of natural resources and how they are used in everyday lift.
  • Lesson three (Landfills and Solid Waste): Students will identify the four parts of the waste streams, identify parts of a landfill and problems caused by them. Students will be able to do a home audit of their waste as take home assignment.
  • Lesson Four/Five (Recycling & Composting): Students will learn about “Closing the Loop” and the importance of completing the recycling process. Students will also be able to identify materials that can be easily composted as well as how the system of composting works.
  • Lesson Six (Watersheds): Students will be able to identify the parts of the hydrologic cycle, define “watershed”, and have an awareness of how human behavior impacts the quality and quantity of water.
  • Lesson Seven (Environmental Health): Students will understand the links between the environment, personal behavior and human health/cancer. Students will be able to list some of the environmental hazards presented by personal care products, cleaning products, lawn and garden care products, second-hand smoke, the production of electricity, and industrial pollutants.    

Knowledge: Students will know…    

  • Utilizing knowledge gained initial lessons students will know some of the environmental issues facing the region today

Skills: Students will be able to…

  • Take their knowledge gain and develop a tool/campaign to help tackle a local environmental issue in their school or community